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Many people aren’t exactly sure what cholesterol is or how cholesterol affects your health. Further to this, many people don’t understand its significance.

What is cholesterol?

In short, Cholesterol is a fat-like substance, natural existing within the membranes (cell walls) of the body. Cholesterol is imperative to the human body because it forms part of the lining of every cell and is the basic substance used for the creation of hormones. Cells such as oestrogen and testosterone. It is also an important part of the digestion process.

How is cholesterol produced?

According to Harvard health, the liver and intestines make around 80% of the cholesterol you need maintain optimum health, and only around 20% is produced through the foods that you eat.

How it works is that the body bundles cholesterol and other lipids into tiny protein-covered particles that combine seamlessly with blood. These minuscule particles, referred to as lipoproteins drive cholesterol and other fats throughout the body.

What is high cholesterol?

High cholesterol, clinically referred to as hypercholesterolaemia is a state caused by the amount of cholesterol in the blood surpassing its usual values. Cholesterol is transferred in different particles known as lipoproteins of which we’ll expand on below.

Good and bad cholesterol

Cholesterol is driven (or travels) within the blood in forms that contain proteins and other fats. These cholesterol-protein forms, known as lipoproteins are divided into two primary types. The more protein they hold, the higher the solidity. These are as follows:

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol 

Referred to as HDL, these are lipoproteins that contain more protein than fat. This is the positive form of cholesterol because higher levels of HDL imply a lower risk of heart disease.

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol 

The opposite of HDL, and referred to as LDL, these are lipoproteins that contain more fat than protein. This is the negative cholesterol.

High-density lipoprotein is mostly made up of protein with its primary purpose being to clear cholesterol from the body by transporting cholesterol from cells and carrying them back to the liver for transference.

If the levels of HDL cholesterol in the body are at an unhealthily low level, they result in the increase of risk for coronary artery disease and other types of atherosclerotic disease. When these levels are high, they tend to help protect against heart diseases.

When the levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood increase, this is usually related to an increased risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

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Cholesterol causes

“Bad”, or negative cholesterol has no symptoms, but there are reasons for high or low cholesterol, both equally as harmful to your body.

Aspects that you have control over, such as inactivity and obesity contribute immensely to high LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol (negative cholesterol).

Oftentimes, it is out of your hands as your genetic makeup may also be restricting cells from removing “bad” cholesterol from your blood effectively. This may lead to your liver to producing too much cholesterol.

Factors that may increase your risk of “bad” cholesterol include some of the following:

  • Poor diet

The consumption of saturated fat which is found in animal products (red meat), and trans fats which are found in some commercial snacks. Basically, any foods that are high in cholesterol, such as red meat and full-fat dairy products will increase cholesterol.

  • Obesity/ Being overweight

If you have a BMI (Body Mass Index) of 30 or more, this will increase your risk of high cholesterol and may lead to heart disease.

  • Inactivity

Exercising regularly helps boost your “good,” cholesterol while decreasing the size of the particles that make up “bad” cholesterol.

  • Smoking

As many of you will know, smoking cigarettes damages the walls of your blood vessels, causing them to collect fatty deposits. Smoking may also go a long way in decreasing your level of “good” cholesterol.

  • Diabetes

Besides damaging the lining of your major arteries, high blood sugar causes your “good cholesterol to decrease substantially and raises blood sugar levels. High blood sugar also damages the lining of your arteries.

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How to lower cholesterol

Besides exercising regularly, following a healthy eating plan that is love in saturated and trans fats, you should also try INOFEM. This supplement, together with Choline may regulate cholesterol levels. This is not its only benefits, there are many to INOFEM.

Purchase INOFEM through our online store.